A lot of strategies were introduced or adapted to curb corruption activities in Nigeria. The
institutional model started in 1977 by the Jaji declaration by president Olusegun Obasanjo;
the Ethical Revolution of Shagari in 1981; War Against Indiscipline by Buhari in 1984;
National Orientation Movement by Babangida in 1986; Mass Mobilization for Social Justice
by Babangida in 1987; War Against Indiscipline and Corruption in 1996 by Abacha to the
Independent Corrupt Practices (and Other Related Offences) Commission by Obasanjo in
2000 and the Economic and Financial Crime Commission 2002 by Obasanjo. The institutional
strategic model for anti-corruption is therefore fathomed on the wisdom that anticorruption
institutions/agencies were established in Nigeria to administer the following
policy prescriptions "deterrence, prevention, and public sector reforms". They are:
To establish and maintain a high standard of public morality in the conduct of
Government Business and to ensure that the actions and behaviors of the Public
Officers conforms to the highest standard of public morality and accountability. The
Code of Conduct Bureau and Code of Conduct Tribunal was established. The
Bureau therefore prescribes standard codes of conduct and appropriate penalties for
violation of such conduct(s). Public Officers are regarded as elected or appointed
public office holders.
To address public sector corruption, through education and prevention by
examining, reviewing and enforcing correction of corruption-prone system and
procedures of public bodies, with a view of eliminating or minimizing corruption in
public life. Thus, the major focus of the Independent Commission Against
Corruption (ICPC) was structures of government, public institution and public
corporations. It has powers to investigate and prosecute all public officials including
the police, except those officers that have immunity as prescribed in the constitution.
It remains the most powerful anti-corruption legislation ever passed in Nigeria to
deter public official from massive looting and plundering of public funds. The ICPC
therefore, is Nigeria's last hope to deliver the public service from corruption.
To ensure that government contracts are awarded in accordance with the best
practices and universal standards for tendering and procurement of contracts
around the world. The Due Process Office was established in 2003 under the Office
of the President. Specifically it was targeted to curb or minimize the reckless abuse
inherent in the Government's tendering procedures and the procurement process.
The Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) was a major departure
from the past enabling laws for fighting corruption or economic and financial crimes
in Nigeria, in terms of powers, functions and responsibilities. It was borne out of
international pressure as a precondition for the removal of Nigeria from the list of
Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories (NCCTs) of the Financial Action Task
Force (FATF) on Money Laundering. The EFCC is the designated Nigeria Financial
Intelligence Unit (NFIU). The NFIU is expected to receive and analyze financial
information - Currency Transaction Reports (CTRs) and Suspicious Transaction
Reports (STRs) - from Financial Institutions and Designated Non-Financial
Institutions with a view to disseminating intelligence information arising thereof.
Besides, the Commission is charged with the following responsibilities among others;
Enforcement and administration of the Act in the overall context of
preventing, detecting, investigating and prosecuting all cases of
economic and financial crimes in Nigeria.
Charged with the responsibility of enforcing other laws and
regulations relating to economic and financial crimes
In addition, the Commission is the coordinating agency for fighting
economic and financial crimes in Nigeria, including fighting terrorism
and terrorist financing.
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Photo credits for top title bar, from left to right: Iza H (Work),
Lukasz Gumowski (Blue balls),
Marcin Bania (Smiling and naked),
Lautaro Gonda (Milan station),
Jan Abt (Girl taking a picture),
Daniel Tang (Hot switch),
Barbara Henry (Moriah reading),
Ralf Herrmann (Checkmate II),
Marko Roeper (Led #4),
Ian Russell (Girl in downtown LA).
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Sketches, cartoons and other handdrawings courtesy of Alice-the-Artist.
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For those you who don't have time
to read all our news excerpts about the Asian island
disputes (links above), you may find the following video,
"The economic impact of a war between Japan and China",
"This trial is another example of the Kremlin's attempts to discourage and delegitimize dissent. It is likely to backfire."
John Dalhuisen, Director of Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia Programme
I am proud to announce that
the Commentary.com website is now carrying the technology updates
from Usman Khurshid's Technize.net.
Usman is a network consultant and works in a mixed environment
of Windows and Linux platforms.
He likes to study about the
latest advancements in computer technology and shares his views on his blog.
Oh, please do not get me wrong.
This new section is not about computers, electronics or
any engineering stuff, but rather I am currently constructing
a new corpus based on Spectrum, the monthly publication
from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers USA,
from July 2007 to date. Having been a member for
over 20 years since 1992, I am always fascinated by
some of the terms scientists use when they talk about or
envision their new inventions or methodologies. How many of
them eventually come into practice? Could there be
some insights we could possibly derive, from
the linguistics perspective?
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Click here to read my full disclaimer