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Anti-corruption strategy: Institutional model

A lot of strategies were introduced or adapted to curb corruption activities in Nigeria. The institutional model started in 1977 by the Jaji declaration by president Olusegun Obasanjo; the Ethical Revolution of Shagari in 1981; War Against Indiscipline by Buhari in 1984; National Orientation Movement by Babangida in 1986; Mass Mobilization for Social Justice by Babangida in 1987; War Against Indiscipline and Corruption in 1996 by Abacha to the Independent Corrupt Practices (and Other Related Offences) Commission by Obasanjo in 2000 and the Economic and Financial Crime Commission 2002 by Obasanjo. The institutional strategic model for anti-corruption is therefore fathomed on the wisdom that anticorruption institutions/agencies were established in Nigeria to administer the following policy prescriptions "deterrence, prevention, and public sector reforms". They are:

  1. To establish and maintain a high standard of public morality in the conduct of Government Business and to ensure that the actions and behaviors of the Public Officers conforms to the highest standard of public morality and accountability. The Code of Conduct Bureau and Code of Conduct Tribunal was established. The Bureau therefore prescribes standard codes of conduct and appropriate penalties for violation of such conduct(s). Public Officers are regarded as elected or appointed public office holders.

  2. To address public sector corruption, through education and prevention by examining, reviewing and enforcing correction of corruption-prone system and procedures of public bodies, with a view of eliminating or minimizing corruption in public life. Thus, the major focus of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICPC) was structures of government, public institution and public corporations. It has powers to investigate and prosecute all public officials including the police, except those officers that have immunity as prescribed in the constitution. It remains the most powerful anti-corruption legislation ever passed in Nigeria to deter public official from massive looting and plundering of public funds. The ICPC therefore, is Nigeria's last hope to deliver the public service from corruption.

  3. To ensure that government contracts are awarded in accordance with the best practices and universal standards for tendering and procurement of contracts around the world. The Due Process Office was established in 2003 under the Office of the President. Specifically it was targeted to curb or minimize the reckless abuse inherent in the Government's tendering procedures and the procurement process.

  4. The Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) was a major departure from the past enabling laws for fighting corruption or economic and financial crimes in Nigeria, in terms of powers, functions and responsibilities. It was borne out of international pressure as a precondition for the removal of Nigeria from the list of Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories (NCCTs) of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) on Money Laundering. The EFCC is the designated Nigeria Financial Intelligence Unit (NFIU). The NFIU is expected to receive and analyze financial information - Currency Transaction Reports (CTRs) and Suspicious Transaction Reports (STRs) - from Financial Institutions and Designated Non-Financial Institutions with a view to disseminating intelligence information arising thereof. Besides, the Commission is charged with the following responsibilities among others;
    • Enforcement and administration of the Act in the overall context of preventing, detecting, investigating and prosecuting all cases of economic and financial crimes in Nigeria.
    • Charged with the responsibility of enforcing other laws and regulations relating to economic and financial crimes
    • In addition, the Commission is the coordinating agency for fighting economic and financial crimes in Nigeria, including fighting terrorism and terrorist financing.

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COUNT ON THE STATISTICS  100% Towels (c) Daniel Chittka
Photo © Daniel Chittka

This new section contains some interesting statistics in bribe and corruption, please check back for more as we pile up our numbers!

It's statistics time!  Using n-gram: kickback, graft, bribe and corruption - Comparison of their historical occurrences from 1810 to 2009 A.D.

  The word guanxi (collocation) and meanings of bribe: Deeply rooted, disgusting, sad endings

LATEST STUFF TO PONDER UPON
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Photo © Doug Logan
tagged by area of interestBY AREA OF INTEREST
Trends
Pragmatics: Politeness trends from the historical perspective of global trade
Computer mediated communications: Social network – Came riding the waves of amazing coincidences
Analysis
Language acquisition:
A critique on "A corpus driven study of the potential for vocabulary learning through watching movies"

Grammatical analysis: "When a linguist stumbled upon a Buttonwood"
Lexicon and the corpus: "John Sinclair's lexical items – an introduction"
tagged by regionBY REGION • Anything AsiaUS Presence in Asia
Communist ChinaNationalist TaiwanHong Kong and MacauJapanKoreaSingaporeMalaysiaPhilippinesPakistanIndiaAfghanistanVietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and MyanmarTimor-Leste and IndonesiaMongoliaNew Zealand and Australia
tagged by topicsBY TOPIC • BiofuelRhino and elephant poachingAmerican movies hit China marketChina Internet censorshipChina's outward FDI opportunitiesGlobal rice yield
ISLAND DISPUTES – FROM A DISTANCE
Island disputes in Southeast Asia | Senkakus-Diaoyu and historical findings | Dokdo-Takeshima | Spratly, Paracel, Scarborough | Kurils

For those you who don't have time to read all our news excerpts about the Asian island disputes (links above), you may find the following video, "The economic impact of a war between Japan and China", very enlightening.



© Minute MBA: More from onlinemba.com

Free Pussy Riot!
Free Pussy Riot!

Photo © Igor Mukhin, retrieved from Wikipedia

"This trial is another example of the Kremlin's attempts to discourage and delegitimize dissent. It is likely to backfire." John Dalhuisen, Director of Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia Programme

 More from Amnesty InternationalFree Pussy Riot



How it started – Pussy Riot Prayers, February 2012

PUSSY RIOT CHRONOLOGY 2012
08/17 Pussy Riot imprisoned on hooliganism charges
08/17 The only professionals in sight
08/19 Pussy Riot protesters arrested in Marseille
08/20 NZ PM – Sentence 'disproportionate'
08/20 Pussy Riot fear their kids being put in care
08/22 German supporters face criminal charges
08/22 Pussy Riot – it's carefully calibrated
08/23 Russian church-state corruption unveiled
08/23 Putin's secret weapon: The Orthodox faithful
08/24 Putin-nominated watchdog slams convictions
08/31 'Pussy Riot ritual killing', man detained
09/03 Orthodox deacon speaks over verdict
09/06 Putin denies part in 'Pussy Riot case'
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09/10 Gorbachev says verdict "disproportionate"
09/19 Punk group to transfer to remote penal colony
09/21 Aung San calls on Moscow to release RP
10/01 Sentence appeal delayed until Oct 10
10/10 Katya freed, 2 years for Nadya and Masha
10/16 Masha and Nadya sent to remote labor prison



BBC • Pussy Riot women begin life in prison

11/16 Merkel challanges Putin on imprisonment
11/22 Maria Alekhina transferred to solitary cell
11/28 Tolokonnikova's appeal case goes to court
12/24 Extremist videos appeal adjourned

PUSSY RIOT CHRONOLOGY 2013
01/15 Masha's sentence deferment denied
02/01 PR civil claim granted right to appeal
02/07 Pussy Riot files complaint with ECHR
03/06 Ombudsman asks court to overturn verdict
03/08 Protesters detained in Moscow
04/13 PR gets reprimand: parole problematic
04/21 PR defense seeks abolition of conviction
07/26 Parole denied, PR remains defiant



The Knife supporting PR at Pukkelpop

08/17 Against verdict on PR – Day of Solidarity
08/23 PR seeks mitigation of remaining sentence
GLUCK ON SOCIALISM AND CHINA Asia (c) Robert Churchill
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Professor Sidney Gluck (c) Sandi BachomI am honored to have obtained Professor Sidney Gluck's (right) permission to allow me to repost here some of his work and interview related to China and socialism. Professor Gluck is professor emertius at the New School University in New York. A classical Marxist, Gluck has been studying China for 60 years in history and modern development. He has lectured all over the U.S. and still welcomes engagement at the age of 94 – photo © Sandi Bachom

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Oh, please do not get me wrong. This new section is not about computers, electronics or any engineering stuff, but rather I am currently constructing a new corpus based on Spectrum, the monthly publication from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers USA, from July 2007 to date. Having been a member for over 20 years since 1992, I am always fascinated by some of the terms scientists use when they talk about or envision their new inventions or methodologies. How many of them eventually come into practice? Could there be some insights we could possibly derive, from the linguistics perspective?

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