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 Thursday, September 19 2019 5:41am Hongkong Time

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Now, let us move on to the second table, Table 2.

*** Actions in General ***
ACCEPTING     4942 1.27 M6.64
ACCEPT       26769 0.15 M3.51
ACCEPTANCE    7126 0.13 M3.31
ACCEPTED     24978 0.22 M4.13
ACCEPTS       2028 0.39 M4.95
ATTEMPT      36272 0.13 M3.37
ATTEMPTS     11826 0.19 M3.86
ATTEMPTED    13032 0.20 M3.97
ATTEMPTING    6495 0.40 M4.97
DENIES        2234 0.22 M4.13
OFFER        32931 0.21 M4.01
OFFERED      37059 0.21 M4.04
OFFERING     11159 0.36 M4.81
OFFERS       11870 0.19 M3.86
PAID         47148 0.14 M3.41
PAYING       13785 0.19 M3.88
PAYMENT      10213 0.15 M3.52
PAYMENTS      7294 0.12 M3.27
RECEIVING    10775 0.23 M4.18
TAKING       75807 0.13 M3.32

*** Descriptive Terms ***
CROOKED       4058 0.15 M3.53
DECEIT        1330 0.30 M4.56
DECEIVED      4744 0.15 M3.53
DISGUISED     2611 0.11 M3.17
DISHONEST     1905 0.16 M3.62
DISORDERLY    1279 0.23 M4.20
DISTASTEFUL   1255 0.24 M4.23
LIED          3554 0.14 M3.46
PRACTICED     4291 0.12 M3.19
SUCKED        2470 0.12 M3.25
*** As an Offence/Crime ***
ACCUSE        2135 0.19 M3.87
ACCUSED      10654 0.25 M4.31
ACCUSATIONS   1785 0.22 M4.13
ACQUITTAL      753 0.40 M4.96
ACQUITTED     1483 0.34 M4.72
ALLEGATIONS   1471 0.61 M5.58
ALLEGED       7546 0.83 M6.03
ALLEGEDLY     1494 0.67 M5.71
ALLEGATION     652 0.31 M4.59
ALLEGING       567 0.35 M4.79
CHARGE       41927 0.14 M3.46
CHARGES      17961 0.55 M5.43
CHARGED      18292 0.24 M4.23
CHARGING      3663 0.14 M3.42
CONVICTED     4573 0.57 M5.48
CONVICT       2277 0.13 M3.37
CONVICTION   13381 0.14 M3.47
DENIES^       2234 0.22 M4.13
INVESTIGATE   4594 0.11 M3.09
INVESTIGATING 3531 0.14 M3.47
JAILED         823 0.24 M4.25
JUDICIOUS     2630 0.19 M3.90
JUDICIOUSLY    875 0.23 M4.16
INDICTED      1952 1.13 M6.46
INDICTMENT    3149 0.64 M5.64
INDICTMENTS   1005 1.19 M6.55
PROSECUTE     1371 0.36 M4.84
PROSECUTING   1155 0.26 M4.35
PROSECUTION   4630 0.17 M3.76
PROSECUTIONS   641 0.31 M4.61
SENTENCED     3132 0.13 M3.32

Table 2: Actions and descriptive terms associated with "bribe"

Bribe deeply-rooted in the culture?

So when people think that it's just paltry (MI=4.74) or petty (MI=3.72) sums of money (MI=3.48) that are normally involved in graft cases, what really happened seems to be a lot more distressing. First, getting bribe takers and givers formally charged with the crime, i.e. be convicted (MI=5.48), indicted (MI=6.46), or anthying resulting in an indictment (MI=5.64, MI=6.55) seems to be relatively difficult as they are mostly alleged (MI=6.03, MI=5.71) allegations (MI=5.58) with few hard evidence and acquittal (MI=4.96) seems to dominate. It turns out from our statistics that social phenomena like "accepting (MI=6.64) a bribe" or "bribe accepting (MI=6.64)" has become something more and more common in the culture and bribe, unfortunately, is no longer an isolated criminal event as in "someone accepted (MI=4.13) a bribe (for once)." It is therefore why, I, like many others I believe, would sincerely hope that the MI value for "bribe acceptance (MI=3.31)" will not grow any more alarming than what it is now.

*** How it ends ***
ACCUSED^     10654 0.25 M4.31
ACQUITTED^    1483 0.34 M4.72
CHARGED^     18292 0.24 M4.23
CONVICTED^    4573 0.57 M5.48
DENOUNCED     3665 0.14 M3.42
DENOUNCING    1166 0.26 M4.33
EFFECTUAL     1861 0.16 M3.66
FLOURISHED    2185 0.23 M4.16
INEFFECTUAL   1285 0.23 M4.19
IMPEACHMENT   1802 0.28 M4.44
JAILED^        823 0.24 M4.25
LIED^         3554 0.14 M3.46
PROSECUTION^  4630 0.17 M3.76
SCANDAL       4931 0.55 M5.42
SCANDALS      1262 0.40 M4.95
SENTENCED^    3132 0.13 M3.32
THREATEN      3535 0.14 M3.47

*** Psychological Cause ***
AVARICE       1116 0.27 M4.40
GREED         2495 0.12 M3.23
SORDID        1866 0.16 M3.65
*** Associated Crimes ***
ASSASSINATION 2375 0.17 M3.72
BLACKMAIL     1207 1.99 M7.28
COERCION      1247 0.88 M6.11
FRAUD         5178 0.75 M5.88
FORGED        1912 0.31 M4.62
FORGERY        949 0.42 M5.04
HOMICIDE      1642 0.18 M3.84
PERJURY       1154 1.99 M7.29
TREACHERY     2743 0.15 M3.51
TREASON       3854 0.54 M5.41
THREAT       11839 0.13 M3.31
THREATS       5223 0.82 M6.01

Table 3: Feelings and endings of "bribe"

Disgusting crime with sad endings

Does it mean that those who committed bribery always get away with their crimes? Well, maybe, but maybe not. From the data we found (see Table 3), it may suggest that the story goes like this. First, the crime somehow gets revealed as scandal(s) (MI=5.42, MI=4.95). So, to cover up the dirty work, more dirty work has to be done. These could include, but not limited to, blackmail (MI=7.28), coercion (MI=6.11), threats (MI=6.01), fraud (MI=5.88), forgery (MI=5.04), and, the most stunning of all, treason (MI=5.41). And with all these crimes committed one after another, the only way to get away with breaking all these laws, sadly to say, is perjury (MI=7.29) – note as well the terribly high MI value. But lies are lies and the truth always reveals itself. So, criminals, in time, will eventually be convicted (MI=5.48).

So, why risk a good man's integrity taking or offering bribe?


Raymond Cheng, PhD DPA FRSA, is the founder and chief editor of He is an adjunct professor in international business and in marketing, an independent policy analyst as well as a language and cultural briefing consultant.

Email Raymond at raymond {dot} cheng {at} kellogg {dot} oxon {dot} org

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The difference between instant evaluation and improving recognition – November 20
Freddy Krueger revisited: Politically correct education? – October 23
From the evaluator's perspective: Justified conclusions and decisions – October 8
Online and distance learning degrees – evaluator's perspective – September 25
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COUNT ON THE STATISTICS  100% Towels (c) Daniel Chittka
Photo © Daniel Chittka

This new section contains some interesting statistics in bribe and corruption, please check back for more as we pile up our numbers!

It's statistics time!  Using n-gram: kickback, graft, bribe and corruption - Comparison of their historical occurrences from 1810 to 2009 A.D.

  The word guanxi (collocation) and meanings of bribe: Deeply rooted, disgusting, sad endings

Looking for a good book (c) Doug Logan
Photo © Doug Logan
tagged by area of interestBY AREA OF INTEREST
Pragmatics: Politeness trends from the historical perspective of global trade
Computer mediated communications: Social network – Came riding the waves of amazing coincidences
Language acquisition:
A critique on "A corpus driven study of the potential for vocabulary learning through watching movies"

Grammatical analysis: "When a linguist stumbled upon a Buttonwood"
Lexicon and the corpus: "John Sinclair's lexical items – an introduction"
tagged by regionBY REGION • Anything AsiaUS Presence in Asia
ChinaTaiwanHong Kong and MacauJapanKoreaSingaporeMalaysiaPhilippinesPakistanIndiaAfghanistanVietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and MyanmarTimor-Leste and IndonesiaMongoliaNew Zealand and Australia
tagged by topicsBY TOPIC • BiofuelRhino and elephant poachingAmerican movies hit China marketChina Internet censorshipChina's outward FDI opportunitiesGlobal rice yield
Island disputes in Southeast Asia | Senkakus-Diaoyu and historical findings | Dokdo-Takeshima | Spratly, Paracel, Scarborough | Kurils

For those you who don't have time to read all our news excerpts about the Asian island disputes (links above), you may find the following video, "The economic impact of a war between Japan and China", very enlightening.

© Minute MBA: More from

Free Pussy Riot!
Free Pussy Riot!

Photo © Igor Mukhin, retrieved from Wikipedia

"This trial is another example of the Kremlin's attempts to discourage and delegitimize dissent. It is likely to backfire." John Dalhuisen, Director of Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia Programme

 More from Amnesty InternationalFree Pussy Riot

How it started – Pussy Riot Prayers, February 2012

08/17 Pussy Riot imprisoned on hooliganism charges
08/17 The only professionals in sight
08/19 Pussy Riot protesters arrested in Marseille
08/20 NZ PM – Sentence 'disproportionate'
08/20 Pussy Riot fear their kids being put in care
08/22 German supporters face criminal charges
08/22 Pussy Riot – it's carefully calibrated
08/23 Russian church-state corruption unveiled
08/23 Putin's secret weapon: The Orthodox faithful
08/24 Putin-nominated watchdog slams convictions
08/31 'Pussy Riot ritual killing', man detained
09/03 Orthodox deacon speaks over verdict
09/06 Putin denies part in 'Pussy Riot case'
09/10 Pussy Riot benefit concert draws 1,000
09/10 Gorbachev says verdict "disproportionate"
09/19 Punk group to transfer to remote penal colony
09/21 Aung San calls on Moscow to release RP
10/01 Sentence appeal delayed until Oct 10
10/10 Katya freed, 2 years for Nadya and Masha
10/16 Masha and Nadya sent to remote labor prison

BBC • Pussy Riot women begin life in prison

11/16 Merkel challanges Putin on imprisonment
11/22 Maria Alekhina transferred to solitary cell
11/28 Tolokonnikova's appeal case goes to court
12/24 Extremist videos appeal adjourned

01/15 Masha's sentence deferment denied
02/01 PR civil claim granted right to appeal
02/07 Pussy Riot files complaint with ECHR
03/06 Ombudsman asks court to overturn verdict
03/08 Protesters detained in Moscow
04/13 PR gets reprimand: parole problematic
04/21 PR defense seeks abolition of conviction
07/26 Parole denied, PR remains defiant

The Knife supporting PR at Pukkelpop

08/17 Against verdict on PR – Day of Solidarity
08/23 PR seeks mitigation of remaining sentence
GLUCK ON SOCIALISM AND CHINA Asia (c) Robert Churchill
Photo © Robert Churchill

Professor Sidney Gluck (c) Sandi BachomI am honored to have obtained Professor Sidney Gluck's (right) permission to allow me to repost here some of his work and interview related to China and socialism. Professor Gluck is professor emertius at the New School University in New York. A classical Marxist, Gluck has been studying China for 60 years in history and modern development. He has lectured all over the U.S. and still welcomes engagement at the age of 94 – photo © Sandi Bachom


Usman Khurshid on Mike McCune's HD Monitor with Paths logo with Maartje van Caspel's Public Space
I am proud to announce that the website is now carrying the technology updates from Usman Khurshid's Usman is a network consultant and works in a mixed environment of Windows and Linux platforms. He likes to study about the latest advancements in computer technology and shares his views on his blog.

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Photo © Usman Khurshid, Mike McCune, Maartje van Caspel
COMING 2019 – COMPUTING CORPUS Active Network Hub (c) Phil Sigin-Lavdanski
Photo © Phil Sigin-Lavdanski

Oh, please do not get me wrong. This new section is not about computers, electronics or any engineering stuff, but rather I am currently constructing a new corpus based on Spectrum, the monthly publication from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers USA, from July 2007 to date. Having been a member for over 20 years since 1992, I am always fascinated by some of the terms scientists use when they talk about or envision their new inventions or methodologies. How many of them eventually come into practice? Could there be some insights we could possibly derive, from the linguistics perspective?


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